The following journal papers are associated with or a direct result of the SYMETA's research programme.



Christogeorgos O, Zhang H, Cheng Q, Hao Y. (2021). Extraordinary Directive Emission and Scanning from an Array of Radiation Sources with Hyperuniform Disorder. Physical Review Applied, (1), doi: 10.1103/physrevapplied.15.014062


Goulas A, Chi-Tangyie G, Zhang S, Wang D, Ketharam A, Vaidhyanathan B, ... Engstrøm D. (2021). Direct ink writing of bismuth molybdate microwave dielectric ceramics. Ceramics International, (6), doi: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2020.11.102

Goulas A, Chi-Tangyie G, Wang D, Zhang S, Ketharam A, Vaidhyanathan B, ... Engstrøm D. (2021). Additively manufactured ultra-low sintering temperature, low loss Ag2Mo2O7 ceramic substrates. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, (1), doi: 10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2020.08.031


Ji H, Wang D, Bao W, Lu Z, Wang G, Yang H, ... Reaney I. (2021). Ultrahigh energy density in short-range tilted NBT-based lead-free multilayer ceramic capacitors by nanodomain percolation. Energy Storage Materials, doi: 10.1016/j.ensm.2021.01.023

Ji Y, Song K, Zhang S, Lu Z, Wang G, Li L, ... Reaney I. (2021). Cold sintered, temperature-stable CaSnSiO5-K2MoO4 composite microwave ceramics and its prototype microstrip patch antenna. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, (1), doi: 10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2020.08.053


Lu Z, Bao W, Wang G, Sun S, Li L, Li J, ... Reaney I. (2021). Mechanism of enhanced energy storage density in AgNbO3-based lead-free antiferroelectrics. Nano Energy, doi: 10.1016/j.nanoen.2020.105423

Wang D, Li L, Jiang J, Lu Z, Wang G, Song K, ... Reaney I. (2021). Cold sintering of microwave dielectric ceramics and devices. Journal of Materials Research, (2), doi: 10.1557/s43578-020-00029-w


Yan J, Stevens C, Shamonina E. (2021). A Metamaterial Position Sensor Based on Magnetoinductive Waves. IEEE Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation, doi: 10.1109/ojap.2021.3057135


Zhang H, Cheng Q, Chu H, Christogeorgos O, Wu W, Hao Y. (2021). Hyperuniform disordered distribution metasurface for scattering reduction. Applied Physics Letters, (10), doi: 10.1063/5.0041911


Álvarez, H.F., Cadman, D.A., Goulas, A. et al. 3D conformal bandpass millimeter-wave frequency selective surface with improved fields of view. Sci Rep 11, 12846 (2021).





N. Chiotellis, S. Zhang, Y. C. Vardaxoglou, and A. Grbic, “X Wave Radiator Implemented With 3-D Printed Metamaterials,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 68, no. 7, pp. 5478–5486, Jul. 2020.


Feis J, Stevens C, Shamonina E. (2020). Wireless power transfer through asymmetric topological edge states in diatomic chains of coupled meta-atoms. Applied Physics Letters, (13), doi: 10.1063/5.0024077

Gheisari R, Chamberlain H, Chi-Tangyie G, Zhang S, Goulas A, Lee C, ... Engstrøm D. (2020). Multi-material additive manufacturing of low sintering temperature Bi 2 Mo 2 O 9 ceramics with Ag floating electrodes by selective laser burnout. Virtual and Physical Prototyping, (2), doi: 10.1080/17452759.2019.1708026

Giddens H, Hao Y. (2020). Multibeam Graded Dielectric Lens Antenna From Multimaterial 3-D Printing. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, (9), doi: 10.1109/tap.2020.2978949


Goulas A, Zhang S, McGhee J, Cadman D, Whittow W, Vardaxoglou J, ... Engstrøm D. (2020). Fused filament fabrication of functionally graded polymer composites with variable relative permittivity for microwave devices. Materials & Design, doi: 10.1016/j.matdes.2020.108871

Goulas A, Chi-Tangyie G, Wang D, Zhang S, Ketharam A, Vaidhyanathan B, ... Engstrøm D. (2020). Microstructure and microwave dielectric properties of 3D printed low loss Bi2Mo2O9 ceramics for LTCC applications. Applied Materials Today, doi: 10.1016/j.apmt.2020.100862


Lee C, Zhang S, Bukhari S, Cadman D, Vardaxoglou J, Whittow W. (2020). Complex Permittivity Measurement System for Solid Materials Using Complementary Frequency Selective Surfaces. IEEE Access, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2020.2963919

Lin Q, Song K, Liu B, Bafrooei H, Zhou D, Su W, ... M.Reaney I. (2020). Vibrational spectroscopy and microwave dielectric properties of AY2Si3O10 (A=Sr, Ba) ceramics for 5G applications. Ceramics International, (1), doi: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2019.09.086


Liu B, Giddens H, Li Y, He Y, Wong SW, Hao Y. (2020). Design and experimental demonstration of Doppler cloak from spatiotemporally modulated metamaterials based on rotational Doppler effect. Optics express, 28(3), pp. 3745-3755. doi: 10.1364/OE.382700


N. Liu, A. Ihalage, H. Zhang, H. Giddens, H. Yan, and Y. Hao, “Interactive human–machine learning framework for modelling of ferroelectric–dielectric composites,” J. Mater. Chem. C, vol. 8, no. 30, pp. 10352–10361, 2020. 

Lu Z, Wang G, Bao W, Li J, Li L, Mostaed A, ... Reaney I. (2020). Superior energy density through tailored dopant strategies in multilayer ceramic capacitors. Energy & Environmental Science, (9), doi: 10.1039/D0EE02104K


Powell A, Ware J, Beadle J, Cheadle D, Loh T, Hibbins A, ... Sambles J. (2020). Strong, omnidirectional radar backscatter from subwavelength, 3D printed metacubes. IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation, (14), doi: 10.1049/iet-map.2020.0178

A. Vallecchi, A. Radkovskaya, L. Li, G. Faulkner, C. J. Stevens, and E. Shamonina, “Superdirective dimers of coupled self-resonant split ring resonators: Analytical modelling and numerical and experimental validation,” Sci. Rep., vol. 10, no. 1, p. 274, Dec. 2020.


Wang D, Siame B, Zhang S, Wang G, Ju X, Li J, ... Reaney I. (2020). Direct Integration of Cold Sintered, Temperature-Stable Bi2Mo2O9-K2MoO4 Ceramics on Printed Circuit Boards for Satellite Navigation Antennas. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, (12), doi: 10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2020.04.025

Wang D, Chen J, Wang G, Lu Z, Sun S, Li J, ... Reaney I. (2020). Cold sintered LiMgPO 4 based composites for low temperature co‐fired ceramic (LTCC) applications. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, (11), doi: 10.1111/jace.17320

Wang D, Zhang S, Wang G, Vardaxoglou Y, Whittow W, Cadman D, ... Reaney I. (2020). Cold sintered CaTiO3-K2MoO4 microwave dielectric ceramics for integrated microstrip patch antennas. Applied Materials Today, doi: 10.1016/j.apmt.2019.100519

Wang D, Fan Z, Rao G, Wang G, Liu Y, Yuan C, ... Zhang S. (2020). Ultrahigh piezoelectricity in lead-free piezoceramics by synergistic design. Nano Energy, doi: 10.1016/j.nanoen.2020.104944


Wang G, Lu Z, Yang H, Ji H, Mostaed A, Li L, ... Reaney I. (2020). Fatigue resistant lead-free multilayer ceramic capacitors with ultrahigh energy density. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, (22), doi: 10.1039/D0TA00216J

Whittaker T, Whittow W, Vardaxoglou J. (2020). Artificially Engineered Capacitors for Discrete High-Frequency Electronic Circuitry. IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, (1), doi: 10.1109/TMTT.2019.2950224


Yan J, Radkovskaya A, Kiriushechkina S, Khromova I, Stevens C, Solymar L, ... Shamonina E. (2020). A Method for Optimising Superdirectivity of Coupled Meta-Atoms via Planar Directivity Evaluation. IEEE Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation, doi: 10.1109/ojap.2020.3001579

Yang H, Lu Z, Li L, Bao W, Ji H, Li J, ... Reaney IM. (2020). Novel BaTiO-Based, Ag/Pd-Compatible Lead-Free Relaxors with Superior Energy Storage Performance. ACS applied materials & interfaces, 12(39), pp. 43942-43949. doi: 10.1021/acsami.0c13057


S. Zhang, R. K. Arya, W. G. Whittow, D. Cadman, R. Mittra, and J. Vardaxoglou, “Ultra-Wideband Flat Metamaterial GRIN Lenses Assisted with Additive Manufacturing Technique,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. In press, pp. 1–1, 2020.





Cheng Q, Naeem M, Hao Y. (2019). Composite Luneburg lens based on dielectric or plasmonic scatterers. Optics express, 27(8), pp. 10946-10960. doi: 10.1364/OE.27.010946

de Pineda J, Ward G, Hibbins A, Sambles J. (2019). Metasurface bilayer for slow microwave surface waves. Physical Review B, (8), doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.100.081409


Faouri S, Mostaed A, Dean J, Wang D, Sinclair D, Zhang S, ... Reaney I. (2019). High quality factor cold sintered Li2MoO4BaFe12O19 composites for microwave applications. Acta Materialia, doi: 10.1016/j.actamat.2018.12.057

Goulas A, Zhang S, Cadman D, Järveläinen J, Mylläri V, Whittow W, ... Engstrøm D. (2019). The Impact of 3D Printing Process Parameters on the Dielectric Properties of High Permittivity Composites. Designs, (4), doi: 10.3390/designs3040050

Lee C, McGhee J, Tsipogiannis C, Zhang S, Cadman D, Goulas A, ... Whittow W. (2019). Evaluation of Microwave Characterization Methods for Additively Manufactured Materials. Designs, (4), doi: 10.3390/designs3040047

Liu B, Chu H, Giddens H, Li R, Hao Y. (2019). Experimental Observation of Linear and Rotational Doppler Shifts from Several Designer Surfaces. Scientific reports, 9(1), pp. 8971. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-45516-1


McLaughlin K, Pascual-Gonzalez C, Wang D, Feteira A. (2019). Site occupancy and electric-field induced strain response of Er-doped (Bi0.4Na0.4Sr0.2)TiO3 ceramics. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, doi: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2018.11.121

Rayner P, Zhang S, Cadman D, Vardaxoglou J, Whittow W. (2019). Wearable and meshed wideband monopole antennas and their interactions with the human body. IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation, (14), doi: 10.1049/iet-map.2018.5862

Vallecchi A, Shamonina E, Stevens C. (2019). Analytical model of the fundamental mode of 3D square split ring resonators. Journal of Applied Physics, (1), doi: 10.1063/1.5053482

Vallecchi A, Cadman D, Whittow W, Vardaxoglou J, Shamonina E, Stevens C. (2019). 3-D Printed Bandpass Filters With Coupled Vertically Extruded Split Ring Resonators. IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, (11), doi: 10.1109/TMTT.2019.2934456


Wang D, Zhang S, Zhou D, Song K, Feteira A, Vardaxoglou Y, ... Reaney IM. (2019). Temperature Stable Cold Sintered (BiLi)(VMo)O-NaMoO Microwave Dielectric Composites. Materials (Basel, Switzerland), 12(9), doi: 10.3390/ma12091370

Wang D, Wang G, Murakami S, Fan Z, Feteira A, Zhou D, ... Reaney I. (2019). BiFeO 3 -BaTiO 3 : A new generation of lead-free electroceramics. Journal of Advanced Dielectrics, (06), doi: 10.1142/S2010135X18300049

Wang D, Zhou D, Song K, Feteira A, Randall C, Reaney I. (2019). Cold‐Sintered C0G Multilayer Ceramic Capacitors. Advanced Electronic Materials, (7), doi: 10.1002/aelm.201900025

Wang G, Fan Z, Murakami S, Lu Z, Hall D, Sinclair D, ... Reaney I. (2019). Origin of the large electrostrain in BiFeO 3 -BaTiO 3 based lead-free ceramics. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, (37), doi: 10.1039/C9TA07904A


Zhang H, Chu H, Giddens H, Wu W, Hao Y. (2019). Experimental demonstration of Luneburg lens based on hyperuniform disordered media. Applied Physics Letters, (5), doi: 10.1063/1.5055295





Bradley PJ, Torrico MOM, Brennan C, Hao Y. (2018). Printable all-dielectric water-based absorber. Scientific reports, 8(1), pp. 14490. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-32395-1

Chu S, Vallecchi A, Stevens C, Shamonina E. (2018). Fields and coupling between coils embedded in conductive environments. EPJ Applied Metamaterials, doi: 10.1051/epjam/2017012

McCall M, Pendry J, Galdi V, Lai Y, Horsley S, Li J, ... Cummer S. (2018). Roadmap on transformation optics. Journal of Optics, (6), doi: 10.1088/2040-8986/aab976

Pandey S, Arya R, Mittra R, Shiyu Zhang , Cadman D, Whittow W, ... Vardaxoglou Y. (2018). 3D-Cross Elements Reflectarray Enabled By Additive Manufacturing. doi: 10.1049/cp.2018.1430


Pang L, Zhou D, Wang D, Zhao J, Liu W, Yue Z, ... Reaney I. (2018). Temperature stable K 0.5 (Nd 1− x Bi x ) 0.5 MoO 4 microwave dielectrics ceramics with ultra-low sintering temperature. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, (5), doi: 10.1111/jace.15388

Radkovskaya A, Kiriushechkina S, Vakulenko A, Petrov P, Solymar L, Li L, ... Shamonina E. (2018). Superdirectivity from arrays of strongly coupled meta-atoms. Journal of Applied Physics, (10), doi: 10.1063/1.5033937

Vallecchi A, Chu S, Solymar L, Stevens C, Shamonina E. (2018). Coupling between coils in the presence of conducting medium. IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation, (1), doi: 10.1049/iet-map.2018.5292

Wang D, Fan Z, Li W, Zhou D, Feteira A, Wang G, ... Reaney I. (2018). High Energy Storage Density and Large Strain in Bi(Zn 2/3 Nb 1/3 )O 3 -Doped BiFeO 3 –BaTiO 3 Ceramics. ACS Applied Energy Materials, (8), doi: 10.1021/acsaem.8b01099

Wang D, Fan Z, Zhou D, Khesro A, Murakami S, Feteira A, ... Reaney I. (2018). Bismuth ferrite-based lead-free ceramics and multilayers with high recoverable energy density. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, (9), doi: 10.1039/C7TA09857J

Wang D, Zhou D, Zhang S, Vardaxoglou Y, Whittow W, Cadman D, ... Reaney I. (2018). Cold-Sintered Temperature Stable Na 0.5 Bi 0.5 MoO 4 –Li 2 MoO 4 Microwave Composite Ceramics. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, (2), doi: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b03889


Wu B, Hao Y, Sheng X. (2018). A Finite Element Model Order Reduction Technique for Multiscale Electromagnetic Problems. IEEE Journal on Multiscale and Multiphysics Computational Techniques, doi: 10.1109/JMMCT.2018.2870599

Zhang S, Cadman D, Vardaxoglou J. (2018). Additively Manufactured Profiled Conical Horn Antenna With Dielectric Loading. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, (11), doi: 10.1109/LAWP.2018.2871029

Zhou D, Pang L, Wang D, Qi Z, Reaney I. (2018). High Quality Factor, Ultralow Sintering Temperature Li 6 B 4 O 9 Microwave Dielectric Ceramics with Ultralow Density for Antenna Substrates. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, (8), doi: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b02755





Braun H, Mehmood A, Hovhannisyan M, Zhang H, Heidary D, Randall C, ... Elmers H. (2017). Microwave properties and structure of La–Ti–Si–B–O glass-ceramics for applications in GHz electronics. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, (5), doi: 10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2016.11.048 

Pang L, Zhou D, Qi Z, Liu W, Yue Z, Reaney I. (2017). Structure–property relationships of low sintering temperature scheelite-structured (1 − x)BiVO 4 –xLaNbO 4 microwave dielectric ceramics. Journal of Materials Chemistry C, (10), doi: 10.1039/c6tc05670a


Zhang S, Whittow W, Vardaxoglou J. (2017). Additively manufactured artificial materials with metallic meta‐atoms. IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation, (14), doi: 10.1049/iet-map.2016.0952


Zhou D, Li J, Pang L, Wang D, Reaney I. (2017). Novel water insoluble (Na x Ag 2−x )MoO 4 (0 ≤ x ≤ 2) microwave dielectric ceramics with spinel structure sintered at 410 degrees. Journal of Materials Chemistry C, (24), doi: 10.1039/c7tc01718a





Bukhari S, Whittow W, Zhang S, Vardaxoglou J. (2016). Composite materials for microwave devices using additive manufacturing. Electronics Letters, (10), doi: 10.1049/el.2016.0078

Zhou D, Li J, Pang LX, Chen GH, Qi ZM, Wang DW, ... Reaney IM. (2016). Crystal Structure, Infrared Spectra, and Microwave Dielectric Properties of Temperature-Stable Zircon-Type (Y,Bi)VO Solid-Solution Ceramics. ACS omega, 1(5), pp. 963-970. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.6b00274

Zhou D, Guo D, Li W, Pang L, Yao X, Wang D, ... Reaney I. (2016). Novel temperature stable high-ε r microwave dielectrics in the Bi 2 O 3 –TiO 2 –V 2 O 5 system. Journal of Materials Chemistry C, (23), doi: 10.1039/c6tc01431c